San Mateo is a city in San Mateo County, California in
the high-tech enclave of Silicon Valley in the San
Francisco Bay Area. With a population of 97,207 as of
the 2010 census, it is one of the larger suburbs on the
San Francisco Peninsula, located between Burlingame to
the north, Foster City to the east, Belmont to the
south, and Highlands-Baywood Park and Hillsborough to
the west. Census Department estimates as of 2013, that
the city's population exceeded 101,000. San Mateo was
incorporated in 1894. By car, San Mateo is about thirty
minutes from downtown San Jose and twenty-five minutes
from downtown San Francisco.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city
has a total area of 15.9 square miles (41 km2), of
which, 12.1 square miles (31 km2) is land and 3.8 square
miles (9.8 km2) (23.63%) is water.
San Mateo has a Mediterranean climate with warm, dry
summers and mild, damp winters. The city is shielded
from the Pacific Ocean by the Montara Mountain block of
the Santa Cruz Mountains. A gap in the mountains, west
of the College of San Mateo, results in gusty afternoon
winds that bring fog toward San Mateo in the late
afternoon through early morning in the summer months.
San Mateo has one of the larger, well developed, more
prominent suburban downtowns in the San Francisco Bay
Area. It is located roughly between Tilton and 9th
streets and Delaware Avenue and El Camino Real. The
downtown core contains over 800 shops and restaurants,
many of them in historic buildings from the late 19th
and early 20th centuries. A large, modern 12 screen
movie theatre complex gives the downtown a major
entertainment option. Central Park is considered to be
San Mateo's signature park with tennis courts, picnic
areas, playground, a baseball field, a recreation
center, a miniature train, and a Japanese Tea Garden.
Caltrain operates a large train station in downtown. The
downtown is also home to many large and small
multi-story office buildings, apartments, government
buildings and Mills Medical Center making the area a
busy employment center day and night.
Population Growth : Over the p ast ten
years, San Mateo grew by 5%, to 97,000, half the
statewide growth rate of 10%. The Hispanic population
increased by 7,000 people, while the white, non -
Hispanic population declined by the same number. The
Asian population also increased by 4,000.
Diversity : The population mix in San
Mateo has shifted over the past decade, with the white,
non - Hispanic share of the population decreasing from
57% to 47 % of total , the Hispanic share increasing
from 21% to 27%, and the Asian share increasing from 15%
to 19% .
Age Structure: The age structure
shifted slightly upward, with median age increasing from
38 to 39, above the statewide median of 35 years old .
The share of the population age 65+ is 14% of total,
compared with 11% in California overall .
Education: Educational attainment in
San Mateo is high er than in California overall. Just
11% of adults have not completed high school, compared
with 20% statewide, and 43% have earned a Bachelor’s
degree or higher, compared with 30% of adults in
Income : Median income in San Mateo i
s relatively high at $82,000, 35 % above the statewide
median income of $60,000.
Foreign Born: San Mateo has a large
foreign - born population account ing for 34 % of the
total, compared with 2 7 % statewide. Of this
population, 43 % are from Asia .